Passover Lamb or Easter Ham?
The following is from the Bible, G-d’s written Word, several encyclopedias and a few other reference books, along with some thoughts of my own in italics scattered throughout.
The Bible: from the New King James Version (NKJV)
Exodus 12:1-11 (Shemot – Names)
1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 “This month (Aviv/Nisan) shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb (Y’shua/Jesus is the Lamb of G-d), according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. 4 …… 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year…. 6 Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. (Passover) Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. 7 And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two door posts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. 8 Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire—its head with its legs and its entrails. 10 You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. 11 ………. It is the LORD’s Passover.
24 And you shall observe this thing (Passover) as an ordinance for you and your sons forever. 25…..26 And it shall be, when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27 that you shall say, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the LORD, ……..’ So the people bowed their heads and worshiped. 28 Then the children of Israel went away and did so; just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
Leviticus 23:4&5 (V’yikra – and He called)
4 ‘These are the feasts of the LORD, holy convocations (gathering together to worship) which you shall proclaim at their appointed times. 5 On the fourteenth day of the first month (Aviv/Nisan) at twilight is the LORD’s Passover.
Numbers 9:1-3 (B’Midbar – In the Wilderness)
1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying: 2 “Let the children of Israel keep the Passover at its appointed time. 3 On the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight, you shall keep it at its appointed time. According to all its rites and ceremonies you shall keep it.”
2 “You know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.”
17 Now on the first day of the Feast of the Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus,
saying to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?”
12 Now on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they killed the Passover lamb, His disciples said to Him, “Where do You want us to go and prepare, that You may eat the Passover?”
7 Then came the Day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover must be killed. 8 And He sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat.”
1 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. 2 And supper (the last Supper – His last Passover Seder) being ended, ……..
14 Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he (Pilot) said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”
21 but took leave of them, saying, “I (Paul) must by all means keep this coming feast (Passover) in Jerusalem; but I will return again to you, God willing.” And he sailed from Epheses.
In the Brit HaDeshah (New Testament) we see that the disciples were STILL keeping the “Feasts of the Lord” according to Leviticus 23. EVEN after the crucifixion of Y’shua/Jesus. It didn’t change then and it hasn’t changed to this day. We are to keep the Feasts. Period. If you have Scripture that shows otherwise, I’d like to see it.
I Corinthians 5:7&8
7 Therefore purge out the old leaven (symbolic of sin), that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. 8 Therefore not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of
sincerity and truth.
Institution of the Lord’s Supper – The Last Seder
23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed (Aviv 14, Passover Luke 22:7-20) took bread; 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.” 26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death till He comes. THIS DO IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME
The Passover meal was/is called a Seder. Y’shua was eating this meal with His disciples. He asked us to do this – for Him. How can we not eat this meal as He commanded?
Suggested reading: Eddie Chumney’s book http://hebroots.com/sevenfestivals_chap3.htm
Here is an excerpt from Eddie’s book, “The Seven Festivals of the Messiah”
Did Yeshua Have a Passover Meal? (Seder)
Mark 14:12, it is written, “And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the Passover [the Pesach lamb]….” The word translated as first is the Greek word ‘protos’, which means “before, earlier, and preceding.” Because there was a temple (Beit HaMikdash) in Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) in the days of Yeshua, the First Seder would be on the fourteenth of Nisan, and the Second Seder on the fifteenth. The Seder could be held on either night. Yeshua had His Passover (Pesach) Seder by midnight on the fourteenth of Nisan (remember that the fourteenth of Nisan begins at sundown, which is roughly six hours prior to midnight), and was crucified the next afternoon at 3:00 p.m., which is still the fourteenth of Nisan. The high priest (Cohen HaGadol) kills the Passover (Pesach) lamb for the nation of Israel at 3:00 p.m. on the fourteenth of Nisan. At sundown, the fifteenth begins, so Yeshua would have to eat His Passover lamb by midnight of the fourteenth of Nisan, which is prior to the time that the high priest kills the Passover lamb for the nation. To further prove this, in John (Yochanan) 18:28, when Yeshua was brought before Pilate, Caiaphas the high priest (Cohen HaGadol) wouldn’t enter the judgment hall of the Gentile ruler because he would be defiled and couldn’t eat the Passover lamb. So, this event must have taken place on the morning of the fourteenth of Nisan because the high priest had not yet eaten the Passover. If he was defiled, he would be defiled for one day. Since Yeshua had already eaten the Passover by the time He was seized and taken before Caiaphas and Pilate, He had to have eaten the Passover with the disciples on the evening of the fourteenth. Thus, we can see how Yeshua ate a Passover meal and could still fulfill being the Passover Lamb of G-d by being killed at 3:00 p.m. on the fourteenth of Nisan.”
Visit Eddie’s website at www.hebroots.com and
From the wikipedia
“Easter is a pagan holiday that Xtians adopted into their religion. The idea of an Easter egg hunt within this Holiday comes from the goddess of fertility that the pagans had. Easter eggs were originally known as “ishtar eggs” to celebrate His resurrection from the dead. Rabbits have lots of babies, up to 42 a year! and eggs are where babies come from. In pagan cultures it was popular to paint the maidens and hide them in the forest and fields before the young men went and found them. It’s in the spring when a lot of animals are born. To Christians the resurrection of Jesus fell nicely into this pagan celebration of life.
In addition, the ancient pagans of Europe had a spring-fertility goddess known as, Eastre. In one legend, she is tricked into turning into a rabbit, not realizing she cannot turn back. She still retains her powers of fertility (symbolized by the egg) however, and thus you have an egg-laying rabbit. So the symbols of rebirth (the egg) and of Spring (when it seems rabbits overrun the woods) were joined and survived with the coming of Christianity. It was then quite easy for the missionary Christians (Catholics) to bring together an ancient concept of Easter, the important pagan time of rebirth with the idea of a “reborn” or resurrected God in Christ. It may not seem it in these times, but Easter is the most important day of the Christian world. It is the day of resurrection and proof of everlasting life. Thus, for a large population, already accustomed to spring-rebirth celebrations, it was quite easy to transition to the new religion.”
according to a number of various sources:
The Westminster Dictionary of the Bible says that Easter was “originally the spring festival in honor of the Teutonic goddess of light and spring known in Anglo-Saxon as Eastre,” or Eostre. In any case, the Encyclopedia Britannica (11th Edition) states: “There is no indication of the observance of the Easter festival in the New Testament.” The book Medieval Holidays and Festivals tells us that, “the holiday is named after the pagan Goddess of the Dawn and of Spring, Eostre.” And who was this goddess? “Eostre it was who, according to the legend, opened the portals of Valhalla to receive Baldur, called the White God, because of his purity and also the Sun God, because his brow supplied light to mankind,” answers The American Book of Days. It adds: “There is no doubt that the Church (Catholic) in its early days adopted the old pagan customs and gave a Christian meaning to them. As the festival of Eostre was in celebration of the renewal of life in the spring it was easy to make it a celebration of the resurrection from the death of Jesus, whose gospel they preached.”
“This adoption explains how in certain lands the Easter customs, such as Easter eggs, the Easter rabbit, and hot cross buns, came about. Concerning the custom of making hot cross buns, “with their shiny brown tops marked by a cross, the book Easter and Its Customs states: “The cross was a pagan symbol long before it acquired everlasting significance from the events of the first Good Friday, and bread and cakes were sometimes marked with it in pre-Christian times.” The book Curiosities of Popular Customs answers: “It was the invariable policy of the early Church to give a Christian significance to such of the extant pagan ceremonies as could not be rooted out. In the case of Easter the conversion was peculiarly easy. Joy at the rising of the natural sun, and at the awakening of nature from the death of winter, became joy at the rising of the Sun of righteousness, at the resurrection of Christ from the grave. Some of the pagan observances which took place about the 1st of May were also shifted to correspond with the celebration of Easter.” So Easter is actually a Pagan ritual that was absorbed by the church. G-d tells us over and over in His Word NOT to do the things the pagans do!
Easter History : Christian and Pagan Traditions Interwoven
The history of Easter reveals rich associations between the Christian faith and the seemingly unrelated practices of the early pagan religions. Easter history and traditions that we practice today evolved from pagan symbols, from the ancient goddess Ishtar to Easter eggs and the Easter bunny. Easter, perhaps the most important of the Christian holidays, celebrates the Christ’s resurrection from the dead following his death. . . a rebirth that is commemorated around the vernal equinox, historically a time of pagan celebration that coincides with the arrival of spring and symbolizes the arrival of light and the awakening of life around us.
“Easter was originally a celebration of the fertility god, Ashtoreth of Babylon. More commonly known as Ishtar (Easter) is the praise of fertility, eggs, birth, and was incorporated into celebration of Jesus’ resurrection because the Catholic church didn’t want to stop the pagan worship. They folded it into ours (Catholicism) to keep the peace and money flowing. It will be exposed and punished severely in the near future by King Jesus.”
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11044a.htm from the Catholic encyclopedia:
First Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church, held in 325 AD “….. Constantine, having ….. become sole emperor, concerned himself with the re-establishment of religious peace as well as of civil order. Other matters dealt with by this council were the controversy as to the time of celebrating Easter.
And from http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05228a.htm
“The emperor himself, (Constantine) writing to the Churches after the Council of Nicaea, exhorts them to adopt its conclusions and says among other things: “At this meeting the question concerning the most holy day of Easter was discussed, and it was resolved by the united judgment of all present that this feast ought to be kept by all and in every place on one and the same day. . . And first of all it appeared an unworthy thing that in the celebration of the Jews, who have impiously defiled their hands with enormous sin. . the Christians (Roman Catholics) calculated the time of Easter for themselves, paying no attention to the Jews.”
In other words, the new Emperor, paid no attention to what G-d’s Word told His children to do and decided that the celebration of the resurrection of Y’shua/Jesus was always to be held on a Sunday. They decided it would be the “first Sunday, after the first Full moon, after the 21st of March.” They wanted nothing to do with the hated Jews and their G-d commanded celebration of Passover. It was Passover that G-d commanded us to keep – AND First Fruits – the day of His resurrection. “To keep the traditions of man and/or the doctrines of the church over the written Word of G-d —– is sin.” fjc
“Even then in Ireland and in parts of the North some years passed before the adoption of the Roman Easter became general (Moran, Essays on the Origin, Doctrines and Discipline of the Early Irish Church, Dublin, 1864).” So we see that the Easter date was from the Roman Catholic Church. This fake holiday was accepted by Martin Luther when he broke from the Roman Church and has been with us ever since. Luther nailed his 95 Theses on the 31st of October 1517, to the door of Wittenberg Castle/Church, sparking the Reformation. In this he did well, but he should have insisted on forbidding the so called Sunday Sabbath, Easter and Christ Mass, other inventions of Constantine at the Council of Nicea in 135 AD.
Passover is mentioned 77 times in the Bible. Easter only once – in Acts 12:4 in the KJV and it is a miss-translation. It was corrected in all 20 of the newer translations. It should be Passover.
Ishtar/Ashtoreth/Eastre/Easter/Eostre or however you want to say it, depending on your location, is all the same fertility goddess myth and has nothing to do with our blessed Lord’s death or resurrection. Why would you ever even want to connect the two?
G-d told us about Passover, commands us to observe it and He told us not to change His Word in any way. What will you do? Accept G-d’s Passover Lamb or accept the Easter ham? Speaking of ham – do you realize what a slap in the face of G-d it must be to serve ham in the supposed honor of Resurrection Day? Pigs are the garbage cans of earth, created to clean it.
Isaiah 65:3-5 “A people who provoke Me to anger continually to My face; ……. Who eat swine’s flesh, And the broth of abominable things is in their vessels; 5 Who say, ‘Keep to yourself, Do not come near me, For I am holier than you!’ These are smoke in My nostrils, a fire that burns all the day.” Leviticus 11:4,7&8 “…..you shall not eat ….. the swine, though it divides the hoof, having cloven hooves, yet does not chew the cud, is unclean to you. 8 Their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch. They are unclean to you.”
Y’shua/Jesus never ate pork or a ham sandwich in His whole life. He ate according to Leviticus 11. (No pork products) He told us to do what He did. So again I ask – it is Lamb or ham? When you stand before the Lord – what will you tell Him?
See you nert time!